This week's 5 links on evidence-based decision making.
1. Evidence standards → Knowing what works → Pay for success Susan Urahn says we've reached a Tipping Point on Evidence-Based Policymaking. She explains in @Governing that 24 US governments have directed $152M to programs with an estimated $521M ROI: "an innovative and rigorous approach to policymaking: Create an inventory of currently funded programs; review which ones work based on research; use a customized benefit-cost model to compare programs based on their return on investment; and use the results to inform budget and policy decisions."
2. Sensors → Analytics → Farming profits Precision dairy farming uses RFID tags, sensors, and analytics to track the health of cows. Brian T. Horowitz (@bthorowitz) writes on TechCrunch about how farmers are milking big data for insight. Literally. Thanks to @ShellySwanback.
3. Public acceptance → Annual flu shots → Weaker response? Yikes. Now that flu shot programs are gaining acceptance, there's preliminary evidence suggesting that repeated annual shots can gradually reduce their effectiveness under some circumstances. Scientists at the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation recently reported that "children who had been vaccinated annually over a number of years were more likely to contract the flu than kids who were only vaccinated in the season in which they were studied." Helen Branswell explains on STAT.
4. PCSK9 → Cholesterol control → Premium increases Ezekiel J. Emanuel says in a New York Times Op-Ed I Am Paying for Your Expensive Medicine. PCSK9 inihibitors newly approved by US FDA can effectively lower bad cholesterol, though data aren't definitive whether this actually reduces heart attacks, strokes, and deaths from heart disease. This new drug category comes at a high cost. Based on projected usage levels, soem analysts predict insurance premiums could rise >$100 for everyone in that plan.
5. Opportunistic experiments → Efficient evidence → Informed family policy New guidance details how researchers and program administrators can recognize opportunities for experiments and carry them out. This allows people to discover effects of planned initiatives, as opposed to analyzing interventions being developed specifically for research studies. Advancing Evidence-Based Decision Making: A Toolkit on Recognizing and Conducting Opportunistic Experiments in the Family Self-Sufficiency and Stability Policy Area.